Greenhouse Farming

Greenhouse Farming in the USA: How to Start, Cost, Crops, and States

A technique of agriculture known as greenhouse farming makes use of buildings called greenhouses to help regulate the environment and enhance crop yield. Farmland is in high demand and has been converted throughout the years into enormous fields of crops everywhere from the Midwest to California’s rich Central Valley. Thus, greenhouse farming has recently experienced a boom in popularity as a form of agriculture. Plants are grown inside buildings made of glass or plastic in greenhouse farming.


Greenhouse farming in the USA

What is greenhouse farming?

Greenhouse farming is an agricultural technology that uses controlled environments to grow crops. The greenhouse allows for year-round plant cultivation, enabling farmers to produce crops near where they are consumed. Greenhouse farming has several benefits: it reduces the need for land, it reduces the need for water, and it reduces the need for pesticides.

Is greenhouse farming profitable in the USA?

Greenhouse farming has become a popular and profitable way to produce crops in the USA. The key factor that helps greenhouse farming succeed is a warm climate year-round. Therefore, greenhouse farmers use heating and cooling systems to maintain the desired temperature for the plants.

Benefits of greenhouse farming in the USA

  • Greenhouse farming is an agricultural production system where crops are grown in enclosed, artificially heated environments. The primary benefits of greenhouse farming are that it allows growers to produce crops year-round in locations where otherwise the weather would not be suitable. In addition, it utilizes less land than traditional farming methods.
  • The most common use for greenhouse agriculture is to grow vegetables and flowers. This type of farming is popular because it allows farmers to produce large quantities of food in a relatively small space, which can benefit them economically and environmentally.
  • One of the most significant benefits of greenhouse agriculture is its ability to keep crops warm throughout the winter. In areas with colder climates, greenhouse farming can help to ensure that food remains available all year round. Additionally, because plants are kept warmer, they typically produce larger yields than outdoors in the same conditions.
  • Finally, greenhouse farming is more resilient to climate change than traditional agriculture. As the world warms up, it becomes easier for plants to grow in cold climates and harder for them to grow in hot climates. Greenhouse farming can help counteract some of the damage climate change will cause to our environment.
  • As well as producing larger yields, greenhouse farmers have greater control over their product quality. This is because they can tweak environmental parameters such as light exposure and humidity levels to create the desired effect on their plants. In some cases, this leads to the development of new cultivars (varieties) of plants specifically tailored for indoor growing conditions. In addition, greenhouse farming relies on natural light rather than artificial light, which reduces energy needs and improves air quality.

How does greenhouse farming work?

The greenhouse uses artificial environments like glass or plastic structures to grow plants. These large structures use heat and sunlight to help the plants grow. The main advantage of greenhouse farming is that it allows farmers to produce crops year-round in different parts of the world. The process of greenhouse farming starts with choosing the right crops for the environment.

For example, tomatoes need sun and warm temperatures, but cucumbers need cold temperatures and partial shade. Once the crop is chosen, greenhouse farmers will select the appropriate climate. Next, greenhouse farmers will build their structures. Again, they will choose materials based on their climate and how they want their environment to look. Some common materials used in greenhouses are glass, plastic, metal, and insulation.

Once the structure is built, greenhouse farmers will begin planting their crops. They will water the plants regularly and add fertilizers if needed. The goal is for the plants to grow as large as possible to produce fruit or vegetables efficiently. Greenhouse farmers use fans or heating systems to keep their environment at a constant temperature. This helps ensure that the plants receive enough light and heat to grow healthy crops year-round

Top states for greenhouse farming in the USA

  • According to Agricultural Marketing Resource Center, greenhouse crops are the top 10 commodities in 42 states and the top five commodities grown in 27 states in the USA. In addition, 10 states in the USA account for more than two-thirds of all the nursery crop output under greenhouse, with California producing about 20 percent – followed by Florida, Texas, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Oregon, Michigan, Oklahoma, and New York.
  • California is the top commodity in the greenhouse sector, including nursery stock, cut flowers, and potted watering plants.
  • Florida is the second-largest greenhouse industry in the USA, and is known for its greenhouse crops production like Peppers, Lettuce, Herbs, Tomatoes, Cucumbers, and Strawberries.
  • Greenhouse farming is gaining popularity across the United States as a way to produce fresh, local produce without the need for cold weather. The top states for greenhouse farming include Michigan, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, and Oregon. Each of these states has a long history of producing agricultural products, making it easy to get started with greenhouse farming.

Crops are grown under greenhouses in the USA

  • Based on the University of Georgia Extension, the most commonly produced greenhouse crops vary but mainly include shrubs, flowers, fruits, and vegetables. Each producer’s crop selection is based on many factors like the greenhouse size and location, physical input costs like containers, fertilizers, chemicals, and water, and the available markets.
  • Greenhouses are used to grow a wide variety of plants that would not normally grow in temperate climates, such as Tomatoes, Strawberries, and Cucumbers.
  • The main types of crops grown under greenhouse conditions in the United States are melons, squash, cucumbers, head lettuce (such as romaine), leaf lettuce (such as iceberg), herbs (such as parsley and basil), tomatoes, sweet corn, peas, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, potatoes, and eggplant. In addition to these familiar crops, some unusual varieties that can be grown under glass include jalapeño peppers and wild rice.
  • Greenhouse gardening requires careful husbandry because the temperature and light in a greenhouse are controlled closely. The air inside a typical greenhouse is about 10 degrees Celsius warmer than the outside air. To maintain this warm environment year-round, greenhouse growers use artificial lighting to simulate daylight hours during the winter months and use Fans to circulate fresh air throughout the house at all times throughout the day.

How many greenhouse farms are in the USA?

According to the research, it has been estimated that there are more than 8,750 greenhouse vegetable farms present in the USA. In the United States, about 150 greenhouse farms produce vegetables, fruits, flowers, and livestock. These farms reduce the use of land and water by growing crops in an environment that is controlled and heated.

What are the different types of greenhouse farms?

The most common type of greenhouse is an open-air structure with glass or plastic walls, although some modern greenhouses use more advanced automated systems. Greenhouse farming is popular in the USA because it allows farmers to produce year-round crops in locations unsuitable for traditional agriculture. The three

Main greenhouse types

Open-air greenhouses

These are the most common type of greenhouse, typically rectangular with transparent glass or plastic walls. These greenhouses can be used to grow many different crops, but they are best known for their ability to produce vegetables and flowers.

Automatic greenhouses

These use sophisticated automated systems to regulate temperature and humidity levels inside the structure. These greenhouses are typically larger than open-air greenhouses and can be used to grow a wider variety of plants. For example, they are often used to grow fruits and vegetables that require a temperate climate or high humidity.

Indoor solar greenhouses,

These use artificial sunlight to help plants photosynthesize energy. This type of greenhouse is typically smaller than automatic or open-air greenhouses and is designed primarily for propagation purposes (i.e., growing new plants). Solar greenhouses use panels to capture sunlight and funnel it into the ground or roof of the building where plants are growing. This type of greenhouse is becoming more popular as technology improves and prices continue to decline.

A commercial greenhouse is the most common type of greenhouse in the USA. These greenhouses grow crops for markets, such as fruits and vegetables. Commercial greenhouses usually have high walls that keep out wind and rain, making them ideal for temperate regions like the US Northeast. They also have large windows that allow sunlight to reach the plants throughout the day. Commercial greenhouses can be expensive to build, but they offer many benefits: they’re easy to operate, produce high yields, and resist pests and diseases.


Other greenhouse types

There are three main types of greenhouse farming: intensive, extensive, and mixed. Intensive greenhouse farming is the most common form, where plants are grown in large, closely packed containers with high insulation levels. Extensive greenhouse farming is similar but with fewer containers. Finally, mixed-type greenhouse farming combines aspects of both intensive and extensive types, with plants grown in smaller bands near open areas that allow for more sunlight exposure.

How to select a site for greenhouse farm construction?

When choosing a site for a greenhouse, there are a few things to consider. One is the climate. If you live in a region with cold winters, you’ll want to choose a site with plenty of sunlight. If you live in an area with warm summers, look for a site that will get shade during the hottest day. Another consideration is your location. You don’t want your greenhouse to be in the way or close to your house.

But, on the other hand, you also don’t want it to be too far away from town so you can easily get supplies. Finally, think about how much space you have available. A small greenhouse can fit on a balcony or in the corner of your yard; a large greenhouse can occupy an entire lot or entire building.

Cost to start a greenhouse farm in the USA

The cost to start a greenhouse farm will depend on several factors, including the size and type of greenhouse, the labor required to set it up, and any needed permits or licenses. In general, however, a small greenhouse can cost between $5,000 and $10,000 to set up, while a larger greenhouse may cost upwards of $30,000.

Additionally, you will need to purchase different plants and equipment if you are growing vegetables or flowers rather than fruits or vegetables. For example, to grow Tomatoes, you will need Tomato plants, cages or trellises, irrigation systems, and so on. Finally, keep in mind that the initial cost of setting up your greenhouse may be offset over time by savings on energy costs (due to using less energy to heat or cool your greenhouse) and profits from selling your produce.

Greenhouse subsidy in the USA

In the United States, greenhouse farming is a major agricultural production method. Greenhouse farming uses controlled environmental conditions, such as temperature and humidity, to grow crops. The greenhouse industry has been growing in the United States for many years due to subsidies from the government.

The government provides incentives for farmers to adopt greenhouse farming techniques. These incentives include subsidies for equipment purchases, research and development funds, and tax breaks. The government also provides financial assistance to farmers who install greenhouses. This financial assistance includes grants and low-interest loans.

The government provides these incentives because they believe greenhouse farming is essential to reduce global warming pollution in the atmosphere. Greenhouse farming is one of the most environmentally friendly methods of agriculture because it uses less land than traditional agriculture techniques and produces food without using any water from rivers or lakes.

US greenhouse production

The United States is the world’s second-largest producer of greenhouse crops after China. However, the country ranks first in producing Tomatoes, Peppers, Cucumbers, and Lettuce. Today, greenhouse farming is used to cultivate plants indoors under controlled conditions. This technique allows farmers to produce crops year-round even if temperatures outside are below freezing. Greenhouse growers use artificial light and air circulation to maintain a constant temperature inside the structure.

Greenhouse farming has many benefits for both farmers and consumers. It allows fruits, vegetables, and flowers to be grown throughout the year, reducing food waste and increasing the availability of healthy food. In addition, greenhouse agriculture can help reduce environmental impact by reducing reliance on land and water resources.

Challenges of greenhouse farming in the USA

  • There are several challenges associated with greenhouse farming, however. One issue is that the cost of energy and materials used in greenhouse farming is higher than in traditional agriculture techniques. Additionally, research is needed to find new ways to improve crop production using greenhouses.
  • The United States is the top greenhouse farming producer in the world, accounting for nearly one-third of total global production. However, there are many challenges facing greenhouse farmers in the US, including a lack of land, water availability, and insufficient infrastructure.
  • A lack of land is one of the biggest obstacles to greenhouse farming in the United States. The country has only about 5 percent of its land area suitable for agricultural production, but it consumes 30 percent of the world’s food. To make up for this shortage, farmers have turned to greenhouse farming, which uses less land and water than traditional agriculture. It requires precise environmental controls to maintain a consistent temperature and humidity throughout the facility. If these controls are not maintained, plant diseases can spread rapidly, and yields will suffer.
  • One common problem with greenhouse farming is the heat. Greenhouse farmers use heat lamps or heating systems to keep the plants warm. Unfortunately, this can lead to problems like stress among the plants, which can cause them to grow slowly or die.
  • Another problem with greenhouse farming is light pollution. Most artificial lights used in greenhouses emit light in all directions, which can interfere with the growth of plants in the dark spaces near the lights. This type of lighting also causes plants to develop chlorophyll deficiencies, which can harm their health.
  • Another major challenge facing American greenhouse farmers is water availability. Due to its arid climate, much of California is unsuitable for crops grown in large amounts indoors. To supplement their diets with fresh produce, many Californians turn to hydroponics – an indoor gardening technique that uses water instead of soil. American greenhouse farmers remain some of the most successful producers in the world. They can meet consumer demand for fresh produce year-round thanks to advanced technology.


Greenhouse farming has several advantages over traditional farming, including increased food production and reduced environmental impact. One reason greenhouse farming has become so popular in the United States is that it allows farmers to produce crops year-round, which can be crucial in areas with mild winters or climates that do not support traditional agriculture. Additionally, greenhouse farming will enable farmers to produce multiple types of crops simultaneously, benefiting businesses that need to diversify their product line.